Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs <p> Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences is an open access journal, devoted to publish original research and theoretical studies and review papers that substantially contribute to the understanding of pedagogical, human, social and legal sciences.</p> <p> </p> The journal is a standalone, therefore, it has no bound, as of yet, to any publisher or academic group. en-US Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences 2791-2248 دراسة عناصر السرد في رواية "الوخز" لحسين العبري https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/176 <p>The novel "Al-Wakhz" by the author Hussein Al-Abri is considered one of the important Omani novels that focuses on the political aspect by investigating the subject of the prohibited secret organization that was uncovered by the state. This research aims to study the narrative elements in the novel "Al-Wakhz" and how the narrative elements are employed: the omniscient narrator, and the character in terms of the language of the educated man, the elderly man, and the investigator, as well as the technique of internal and external dialogue among the characters, the event, and the description. We provided examples of the narrative elements through the novel.</p> إسماعيل بن مبارك بن سالم العجمي Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 11 26 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/1 مقولات ما بعد الحداثة في النقد العراقي المعاصر (اللاتمايز وتذويب الحدود الفاصلة) أنموذجا https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/177 <p>There has been a metaphorical movement with tools witnessed in literary texts in the postmodern era. Its manifestations appeared in poetry and narrative in the form of intentional dissolving of the identities of borrowed texts into the identity of poetry or narrative. Postmodernism has shattered the boundaries between the everyday and the aesthetic, the author and their work. As a result, we now receive a blend of arts melted within the crucible of poetry, which now approaches its reader through a pictorial artwork, interactive digital performance, or engagement in a written space with deliberate semantic intentionality in vision and formation, across the distances of black and white, and other metaphors witnessed in postmodern poetic discourse. In terms of narrative, there is a borrowing of tools from other arts and an overlap with other genres different from the essence of narrative. This seems to be due to the narrative works, especially the novel, being capable of encompassing all arts in its narrative structure, as it is a complete imaginary world between two covers.</p> Farah M. Saleh Riam Abdul Hassan Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 27 41 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/2 رسالة لأبي سعيد الخادمي https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/178 <p>محمد بن محمد بن مصطفى بن عثمان، أبو سعيد الخادمي.</p> <p>ذكر في معجم المؤلفين أنه حسيني، نقشبندي(كحالة، بلا ت.: 12/31 ).</p> <p>وذكر أن ذلك مستنبط من كتابه "البريقة المحمودية في شرح الطريقة المحمدية للبركلي" والتي توضح أنه ماتريدي العقيدة، صوفي، نقشبندي الطريقة(الزبيري و اخرون، 1424هـ: 3/2431)...</p> <p>ولد سنة 1113 هجرية، الموافق 1701 ميلادية، أصله من بلخ، وقيل من بخارى، قدم جده عثمان إلى "خادم"، من قرى قونية بالأناضول، واستوطنها. وفيها ولد صاحب الترجمة، وهو مفسر، أصولي، من فقهاء الحنفية وعلمائهم، اشتهر بدرس ألقاه في جامع آيا صوفيا بإستانبول، في تفسير الفاتحة (نويهض، 1988: 2/630).</p> Othman A. F. Abed Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 42 51 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/3 رسالة في النية https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/179 <p>يتلخص البحث في دراسة رسالة من رسائل العلامة ساجقلي زاده، وهو عالم من علماء مدينة مرعش، نشأ فيها، ورحل&nbsp; في&nbsp; طلب العلم، وقضى حياته بين التأليف والتدريس، فصنف رسائل كثيرة في عناوين مختلفة من أبواب الفقه والعقيدة وعلم البحث والمناظرة وغيرها من العلوم. وقد ألف هذه الرسالة لبحث مسألة النية في حصول الثواب على ترك المنهي عنه كشرب الخمر وغيره، وانتصر فيها لرأي ابن نجيم رحمه الله تعالى في أنه يشترط لحصول الثواب أن ينوي الكف عن الحرام خوفاً لله تعالى، وأما إذا تركه لانشغاله بعارض آخر أو لعدم الأهلية لذلك كالأعمى مثلاً فإنه لا يثاب على عدم النظر إلى المحرمات، فلا ثواب له. وأجاب العلامة ساجقلي زاده في هذه الرسالة عن إشكالية اشتراك أمرين منهي عنهما في وقت واحد، هل يحصل ثوابهما معاً أم ثواب واحد فقط، وقد بين رحمه الله أن ذلك متعلق بنية العبد، فإن نوى تركهما معاً خوفاً لله تعالى حصل له ثوابهما، وإلا فلا.</p> Sattar S. A. Abed Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 52 62 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/4 التعبير القرآني بين قصتي موسى ويوسف عليهما الصلاة والسلام https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/180 <p>الحمد لله الكريم المنّان, الرّحيم الرّحمن, المتفضّل علينا بالجود والإحسان, خلق الإنسان علّمه البيان, والصّلاة والسّلام على سيّدنا محمّد صلى الله عليه وسلم المبعوث رحمة للأنام, وعلى آله وصحبه الكرام, الذين نشروا الدّعوة ونصروا الإسلام, حتّى وصل إلينا على أفضل ما يرام.</p> <p>وبعد:</p> <p>لقد اعتنى القرآن الكريم بتربية الشخصية المسلمة من خلال التوجية الرباني بالأمر والنهي، كما اعتنى بالتوجيه بالقصة كذلك، ومعلوم أن التوجيه بالقصة أسلوب تربوي يتبارى فيه الغرب اليوم ويعدونه أهم اكتشافاتهم التربوية! في حين أن الإسلام اعتنى بهذا الأسلوب منذ أربعة عشر قرنا من الزمان, والتربية بالقصة من أهم الأساليب التربوية حيث يقف المربي والمتربي في صف واحدٍ يشاهدون السلوك السيء وينتقدون هذه السلوكيات دون ضغائن ولا مصادمات ، كذلك يستحسنون السلوكيات الطيبة دون أوامر صارمة وصوت مرتفع! فيتفكر المتربي ويستشعر بنفسه ما يريد المربي أن يوصله له، مما يجعله نابعا من داخله فيركن إليه قلبه ويسعد به, ونجد أن أساليب الإسلام التربوية -الرائدة القائدة- تتحدى جميع الأساليب التربوية التقليدية بله المبتكرة ، فكان ولازال لها السبق والفضل قال تعالى: (وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَرَفَعْنَـٰهُ بِهَا وَلَـٰكِنَّهُۥٓ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَىٰهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُۥ كَمَثَلِ ٱلْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث ۚ ذَّٰلِكَ مَثَلُ ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا۟ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا ۚ فَٱقْصُصِ ٱلْقَصَصَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ) الأعراف: ١٧٦.</p> Mohammed K. Ali Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 63 75 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/5 الوظيفة الإفهامية للغة في الخطبة الفَدَكية الكبرى للسيدة فاطمة الزهراء (عليها السلام) https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/181 <p>The purpose of the emergence and development of every language is to communicate and achieve understanding and intelligibility, through which speakers express their material and emotional needs towards each other. This understanding (communication) is only achieved through the presence of a sender, an addressee (receiver), a message, and a channel of communication. From the aforementioned, linguists and linguists, including Karl Buhler, Malinowski, Britton, Halliday, and others, have concluded that there are functions of language, the most famous of whom is the Russian linguist Roman Jakobson<strong>.</strong> In the art of public speaking, especially the great Fadak sermon of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (peace be upon her), the intelligible function - with its orientation towards the addressee - dominated the rest of Yakobson’s six linguistic functions, without neglecting the roles of the rest of the functions that carry out secondary tasks in the text of the sermon, and the intelligible function was represented by In the sermon, the methods of calling, commanding, prohibiting, and attaching to the pronouns of the addressees.</p> أوراس نصيف جاسم رشا حسين عبد سبتي Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 76 86 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/6 السلوك المتصنع وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات لأمهات أطفال الرياض https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/182 <p>The current study aimed to identify the level of pretentious behavior among mothers of kindergarten children, and to know the relationship between pretentious behavior and some variables among mothers of kindergarten children. The researcher relied on a measurement (Alwan,2015) to measure the pretentious behavior of mothers. The was applied to a sample of mothers amounting to 235mothers who were selected according to the simple random sampling method from the Second Karkh Baghdad Education Directorate, and after processing the data using appropriate statistical methods, then Reaching conclusions, recommendations and proposals.</p> علا حسين علوان Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 87 107 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/7 مخطوطة ( نبذٌ من سجود التلاوة ) للشيخ البهائي دراسة وتحقيق https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/183 <p>لسجود التلاوة عند قراءة سور العزائم أحكام كثيرة ، وبحثنا هذا معقود في تحقيق رسالة مختصرة للشيخ البهائي جاء بين طياتها بيانٌ أحكام كثيرة لهذه الجزئية الفقهية المهمة التي تعد من المسائل التي تعمّ بها البلوى . فقد تطرّق الى التعريف بآيات السجود الواجبة والمستحبة ، وأحكام آيات السجود ، وحكم قرائتها من الحائض ، وكذلك تناول زمان السجود وتعدده ، وما يشترط في هذا السجود ، وحكم الإخلال به ، كما تناول حكم الإئتمام فيها بالمخالف ، كل ذلك في رسالة موجزة في عباراتها دقيقة في مضامينها . وقد كان عملنا محاولة لإظهار واحد من أعمال الشيخ لتضاف الى ماحُقّق من تراثه الثَرّ ، سبق ذلك التعريف به وبمكانته العلمية المرموقة بين علماء عصره.</p> صلاح محمد حسن شمسه Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 107 123 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/8 استثمار البحث العلمي لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة في المنظمات التعليمية دراسة تحليلية لآراء عينة من اساتذة الكليات الاهلية في محافظات الفرات الاوسط https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/184 <p>The research aims to review the investment of scientific research to achieve sustainable development, know its content and substance, clarify the developmental philosophy that forms the basis for it, and address the role of higher education organizations at the current stage in order to adopt solid scientific research strategies, in view of the pioneering role played by the university as one of the institutions. Knowledge that contributes to achieving sustainable development in the Iraqi environment with its reality and the challenges it faces. To apply this, reliance was placed on the descriptive analytical approach, which is based on deducing specific ideas from a general idea, with a realistic analysis that links diagnosis and treatments on the one hand and reality on the other hand from the point of view An analysis of the opinions of a sample (177) of faculty members in private colleges in the Republic of Iraq for the academic year 2023-2024. The study concluded that sustainable development is a way of life and a way of living governed by humane ethical frameworks, in addition to being a development pattern characterized by rationality and maturity that seeks to create a society with less tendency to To the materialistic tendency while changing many of the prevailing concepts that are based on the principle that more is better in various aspects of life, and these conclusions led to a set of recommendations, the most prominent of which was spreading the culture of scientific research in schools and educational institutions in the form of basic study materials or competitions and research participations dealing with Various issues in development.</p> عدنان مطر ناصر جنان شهاب احمد Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 121 135 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/9 الإسلام والايمان والكفر من منظور قراني -دراسة تحليلية https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/185 <p>It is no secret to those with bright minds and new minds that the words of the Holy Qur’an are completely consistent with what sound logic and the right approach say, and this harmony makes the meanings flow where the words are similar in their expressions without doubt or suspicion. The meaning is where the word indicates it. Among those words that have divergent meanings in the view of one group of minds, and are in agreement in the view of the other group, are the words Islam, faith, and disbelief, and the divisions that lie beneath them that lead to an independent understanding of each of them after seeking help from the same Qur’anic texts. This study, with its discussions and demands, presents the concepts of Islam, disbelief, and faith, and their derivations in the Holy Qur’an, and the concepts and meanings that fall under them that lead to the desired understanding, which the researcher presented in a brief manner. This research is concerned with studying these three terms and their semantic dimension, and revealing the Qur’anic meaning of each of them because of their importance in the field of doctrine as well as jurisprudence. The research is divided into three chapters, the first of which deals with the term “Islam,” as it works to reveal its linguistic dimension and its terminological dimension. Then, it crystallizes the Qur’anic vision for this term by examining the verses in which the word (Islam) or what is derived from it is mentioned, while paying attention to the contextual environment in which it appears. As for the second chapter, it examines the meaning of (faith) linguistically and terminologically, and contextually in the Holy Qur’an. Secondly, it follows the connotations of the term (faith). Based on what was stated in the noble verses, he concluded by determining the moral value of this term according to the Qur’anic context. As for the third chapter, it is sufficient to investigate the meaning of disbelief, as it traces the meaning of disbelief according to what is stated in the language and terminology, and then branches out to diagnosing its Qur’anic meaning through investigating it in its Qur’anic environment. The research ends by highlighting the results that resulted from it, supported by the sources and references relied upon in the study.</p> حيدر خزعل فهد عكاب Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 136 152 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/10 The extent of Arabic language teachers’ awareness of the importance of modern teaching methods in education and their practice of them https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/186 <p>Research Abstract The current research aims to identify the extent of awareness of teachers of the importance of modern methods of learning and the extent of their practice, and the researcher adopted an important approach called descriptive and a questionnaire consisting of (20) points, and made sure of its sincerity and stability, the sample consisted of teachers and teachers of the Arabic language were selected in a random way, and the questionnaire was analyzed by the program (spss) and the researcher reached the need for Arabic language teachers to training to identify the importance of modern methods in education, Where their needs were medium and on the basis of the results that were reached, the researcher recommended the following: 1. Conducting workshops and training courses for teachers in all disciplines to qualify them to use modern teaching methods. 2. Directing teachers to the need to use modern teaching methods to achieve the desired goals. 3. The need to provide modern teaching techniques in remote schools by the Directorate of Education of Babylon.</p> هبة عليوي مطيلب Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 153 172 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/11 دور اليات حوكمة الشركات في تطبيق معايير الاستدامة https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/187 <p>The research aims to test whether corporate governance mechanisms have a role in implementing sustainability standards. The research was conducted on a sample of 87 executives, accountants and auditors working in Iraqi companies, as well as a group of academics in Iraqi universities. To measure corporate governance mechanisms as an independent variable and apply sustainability standards as a dependent variable. The questionnaire was designed based on previous research. The researcher tested the validity and reliability of the questionnaire questions, and found the arithmetic mean of the sample members’ responses to the questions. A Pearson correlation analysis was conducted between corporate governance mechanisms and the application of sustainability standards. To measure the moral impact of corporate governance mechanisms on the application of sustainability standards, the regression method was used. Our results indicated that there is a statistically significant impact of corporate governance mechanisms on the application of sustainability standards.</p> حسن عبد الرضا حسن احمد محمد السهر Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 173 185 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/12 الأوضاع السياسية للخليج العربي بعد الحرب العالمية الأولى https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/188 <p>There were international powers competing for control of maritime trade in the Arabian Gulf, most notably the Portuguese, Dutch, French, German and English, as well as Jerusalem, and that was in the sixteenth and nineteenth and twentieth centuries. To conclude agreements with it, because the control of any other country threatens the British presence and its interests in India, and the discovery of oil in Persia in 1908 increased that competition. The sheikhs of that region and Britain became the control in this region, which led to the growth of political and national awareness in the countries of the Arab Gulf, and the demand of the residents of this region to limit British influence and interfere in internal affairs. This research included an introduction, a conclusion, three sections and a list of sources. This research included an introduction, conclusion, three sections and a list of sources. The first topic dealt with the general conditions in the Arabian Gulf before World War I, and the second stage dealt with the conditions of the Arabian Gulf during World War I and the holding of regional conferences, while the third topic dealt with the most important political conditions in the Arab Gulf emirates. The most important sources adopted by the research were in his book Jamal Zakaria Qassem / entitled, The Modern and Contemporary History of the Arab Gulf, the Internal Conditions in the Arab Gulf Emirates and Neighborhood Relations 1914- 1945, and Badr al-Din Abbas al-Khassusi book, Studies in the Modern and Contemporary History of the Arab Gulf.</p> رحيم خلف كاظم الشرع ظاهر احمد قادر Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 186 201 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/13 مفهوم الاصلاح وفق المنظور الفكري الاسلامي https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/189 <p>Reform is one of the most widely discussed “concepts”, and it is still continuing and the views on it vary. Rather, you find that it is a subject that reformers and philosophers have always dealt with on the one hand. Indeed, it was the focus of heavenly messages. It is necessary to have an integrated conception of what the concept of reform is, because it is the focus of study, in order to identify the mechanisms and approaches. adopted, especially in the Islamic approach, as the concept of reform is one of the concepts of the social sciences, thorny and intertwined, based on the perspective of the party carrying out the reform, in addition to the fact that it takes place in all areas of political, social, economic, moral, and educational life<strong>.</strong> The research pointed out that reform is a preliminary attempt to explore the reality of reform and its concept in Islam, and to describe the presence of educational practices in the Arab-Islamic heritage, as the importance of this research lies in identifying a group of important issues related to the contemporary Islamic reform system, between the research to explain the extent of the need for values Authentic reformist education that draws its reference from the origins of Islam<strong>.</strong> <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>The research excelled in diagnosing and analyzing the concept of the reform system in Islam, and highlighting its importance in the new and contemporary Islamic system<strong>.</strong> The research confirmed that reconciliation among Muslims and reconciling their hearts to the truth is something that must be observed, and is considered one of the greatest rules of the religion<strong>.</strong> The research concluded that reconciliation between people has means and methods that those in charge should know and use according to the facts and circumstances.</p> إسماعيل دهله هايش سعيد عمار منصور عبد النبي صالح عمار باسم صالح Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 202 213 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/14 دور الوعي الاستراتيجي في تعزيز ادارة الجودة الخضراء دراسة تطبيقية في شركة الجود لتكنولوجيا الصناعة الحديثة https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/190 <p>The current research aims to explore the role of strategic awareness, encompassing its dimensions of actual strategic awareness, external strategic awareness, perspective strategic awareness, and internal strategic awareness, in enhancing green quality management within the researched organization. The study adopted a descriptive approach through distributing a questionnaire to the opinions of a sample of employees at the Joud Technology Company, totaling 68 employees. An hypothetical model was constructed to study the research hypotheses, and practical analysis was conducted using a set of statistical tools appropriate for the research objectives. The statistical package Smart PLS was utilized for analysis. The research yielded several conclusions, among which is the strong consensus among the study sample that strategic awareness enhances green quality management. One of the key recommendations emphasizes the necessity of developing and leveraging tasks assigned to employees to be executed without pressure, within a strategic framework that encourages creativity, innovation, and promotes sustainable thinking and environment, thereby enhancing green quality management within the researched organization.</p> ضرغام محمد شاطي الخاقاني Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 214 232 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/15 Ibn Hisham’s method of presenting morphological material in his major footnote to Alfio Ibn Malik https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/191 <p>In this research, I studied Ibn Hisham Al-Ansari’s method of presenting morphological material in his Great Commentary on Alfiyyah Ibn Malik. I followed a descriptive and analytical approach, where the research was divided into two axes, which were preceded by an introduction and followed by a conclusion that included the most important results. The first section was entitled The method of presenting the material:&nbsp; In it, I talked about Ibn Hisham’s approach in presenting morphological material, and the second topic: his personality in explanation.&nbsp; The aim of the research is to determine the method adopted by Ibn Hisham in presenting his morphological material in his major commentary.</p> Zahraa Jabbar Al-Aibi Al-Moussawi Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 233 245 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/16 الدور التنموي للتعايش في اشاعة روح التسامح https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/192 <p>the modern concepts that were not known in our Islamic culture verbally, but its content is old, as sustainable development is a necessary need, life is not straight without it, but rather it is the basis of societies in general<strong>.</strong> Among research development is the process of establishing political institutions, their commitment to the democratic approach, and their availability of citizen participation in decision-making<strong>.</strong> The research showed that development is a continuous comprehensive or partial development process that takes different forms of well-being, stability and development in accordance with its social, intellectual and economic needs and capabilities.</p> ليلى حسن محمد مرتضى محمد حميد احمد وحيد بردي Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 246 255 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/17 متابعة الطلبة لمواقع التواصل الاجتماعي للتعرف على الاحداث اليومية في العراق والاشباعات المتحققة منها (دراسة ميدانية لعينة من طلبة كلية الاعلام – جامعة بغداد انموذجآ ) https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/175 <p>The purpose of this research is to describe it, and the survey method is used to survey the target audience of the research, in order to identify the extent of the influence of social networking sites on university students in their exposure to daily events in Iraq and in order to come up with specific scientific conclusions that answer the research questions<strong>.</strong> The importance of the research depends on the widespread use of social media, which has become a vital part of people's lives. In fact, people are so accustomed to using these sites that they may become addicted at times. These sites also appeal to a wide range of age groups in different countries, especially students. Universities<strong>.</strong> The research required dividing it into three sections. The first section dealt with the methodological framework of the research, which included the research problem, its importance, objectives, and methodology, as well as the research community, its sample, and its fields. The second section dealt with the theoretical framework of the research, which included the concept of social networking sites, their types, motives, and effects. As for the third section, it was the field framework. For the research, which included how to present the results and how to interpret them.</p> Mohammed K. Majeed Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 259 271 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/18 المشكلات التي تعاني منها طلبة المرحلة الاعدادية في درس التعبير https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/193 <p>The current research aims to identify the problems that middle school students suffer from in the lesson on expression. The research included a description of the research community, the selected sample, the tools used and the steps to apply them, as well as the methods. Baghdad Al-Karkh II. The researcher adopted the questionnaire as a tool to achieve the research objectives, I sent an open questionnaire to (75) teachers and schools that included an open question that included six aspects related to the problems of teaching written expression, which are, Objectives of teaching expression - Choosing topics for written expression. Teaching methods and methods used - Arabic language teacher, Students correct written expression topics. <strong>&nbsp;</strong>In light of the results, the researcher made some recommendations. The necessity of highlighting the importance of expression in the life of the student, clarifying its place in our literary heritage, discussing its problems in seminars held by specialists, preparing a curriculum for teaching expression that includes the objectives of teaching the subject and the proposed topics divided into comprehensive axes for all linguistic activities, and the proposed function and creativity are divided into comprehensive axes for all linguistic activities. I arrived at the following proposals, building a standard to evaluate students’ written expression. The style and words include examining the remembrances, their harmony, linking them to each other, and taking into account the requirements of sentences, grammar, dictation, and punctuation. Studying the relationship between the teacher’s ability to express themselves in writing and his students’ ability in written expression. Conducting a similar study that addresses the problems of teaching written expression in other educational levels.</p> هدى محمد سلمان Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 269 285 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/19 التغيرات في المواقف الدولية من اتفاقية السلام ( مشاكوس ) https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/194 <p>We have dealt in this research to the agreement was a junction in the history of Sudan's political and which was the impact of stopping that bloody civil war that tore Sudan in general and to South Sudan in particular and hence its importance, the peace agreement (Naivasha) in Kenya in Machakos, which we touched on, in a search distributed to four demands in addition to the introduction and conclusion dealt with the text of the agreement and the location of the contract in addition to the international, Arab and regional position of the agreement with the dimensions of the agreement On Sudan's political future.</p> عبدالقادر عبد الرحيم Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 286 304 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/20 الأنساق الثقافية في شعر بشر بن أبي خازم الأسدي https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/195 <p>The research deals with the study of the implicit patterns in the poetry of the pre-Islamic poet Bishr bin Abi Khazem. The implicit patterns that the researcher extracted varied between moral social patterns that represent established societal values, and the patterns of violence that were embodied in signs of wars, destruction, killing, and plunder to which the pre-Islamic individual was exposed as a result of those wars, and patterns of The authority represented by the force exercised by the tribes in order to impose their control, and the patterns of annihilation and nothingness, were represented by the connotations of devastation, demolition, and death that the poet places in the elements of the ruins. The research followed the descriptive and analytical approach in arriving at those patterns<strong>.</strong></p> حوراء غاوي عيدان أمل حسن طاهر Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 305 319 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/21 تقييم مستوى التفكير الاستراتيجي لدى موظفي مصرف الرافدين فرع الرميثة وسبل تحسينه https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/196 <p>Strategic thinking is very important in institutions, especially in the banking sector, because of its high dynamism in this important sector. It is necessary to have management and employees who have a high level of strategic thinking, and developing a strategy requires great effort and experience in order to achieve current goals, as well as work to achieve future goals. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the cadres and work to develop them and raise their level in terms of strategic thinking. Therefore, this study worked to know and evaluate the level of strategic thinking among the employees of Al-Rafidain Bank / Al-Rumaitha as a sample for the study. The questionnaire was relied upon, and the questionnaire was distributed to a sample of (100) employees, and this was analyzed. Questionnaire and calculating the arithmetic mean and standard deviation. This study reached important results, the most important of which is that the bank’s management and employees enjoy a good level of strategic thinking. Some recommendations were also given, the most important of which is the bank’s management’s work to involve employees in training courses in order to improve their intellectual level<strong>.</strong></p> انمار مظفر هادي محسن حسن هادي حيدور Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 320 339 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/22 القيم الاجتماعية في الخطبة الفدكية https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/198 <p>Value are the safety valve that stands in the face of the challenges and problems facing society, especially with the problems and challenges that the world is currently going through that are ravaging. In societies in general, perhaps the most important of these problems is the crisis of the absence of Islamic values that govern society and the trend towards values that are contrary to Islamic law, which has contributed to the emergence of problems and behaviors that are contrary to the values and customs of Islamic societies, and since social values are the main determinant of the behavior of individuals in a way that is consistent with the interest of society, the stability of social life, and service. The social system is not considered one of the tools of social control to evaluate and control the behavior of individuals and society. It is also considered one of the means of strengthening the ties between the members of one society and achieving social solidarity. It charts for individuals the correct path that they must follow in their behavior and social relations. Therefore, the research entitled ((Values) came The social values in the Fadakiya sermon ((The study of the social values included in the Fadakiya sermon. This impeccable sermon was at a high level of accuracy and depth and included many contents and sensitive topics of great importance, divine truths, rulings, legislation and Islamic values. It is an integrated approach to the right life. It was issued by... The Lady of the Women of the Worlds, the niche of prophecy and the source of the message, the stepdaughter of the Muhammadiyah school, which scholars and researchers are still devoted to transmitting in their books and research and clarifying its purposes and objectives. Therefore, this research was based on a statement of the social values contained in the Fadak sermon in order to consolidate these values in society and make them method in our lives.</p> حنين عباس سالم Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 340 354 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/23 خصائص الاستشراق الالماني https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/199 <p>This research is concerned with German Orientalism in terms of its origins and motives ,so it limits itself to studies and detailing their writings and opinions in the Arabic language ,as well as their linguistic approaches because of its influence in all fields of Arabic ,because their studies included looking at its aspects ,and they researched Language<strong>، </strong>literature<strong>، </strong>dictionary ,law ,and various sciences and they added in several aspects ,and thus benefited Arabic</p> زينة عباس فاضل Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 355 380 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/24 The issue of sustainable water development between Iraq and Turkey https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/197 <p>The Tigris and Euphrates are international rivers and their waters are considered a strategic element in development<strong>،</strong> which requires the need to work continuously to bring them to the most efficient use. But Turkey aimed to use the water weapon for political purposes and to bargain with Iraq for its oil resources and to use water in a way that threatens vital interests in Iraq</p> أنتصار محمود عبد الخضر Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 381 406 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/25 مصادر الشريعة المسيحية الحالية https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/202 <p>This study reviews the major sources of current Christian law, explaining the frameworks that guide the lives of believers through religious, ethical, and spiritual perspectives. The Bible is the primary source of Christian law, including the Old and New Testaments, and is considered the inspired word of God that contains Christ's teachings and message. Church tradition is another important source, and includes teachings accumulated over the centuries from the decisions of the Ecumenical Councils and the writings of the Church Fathers, which helps in interpreting the Bible and applying its teachings. Reason plays a vital role in interpreting and understanding sacred texts and church tradition, as Christian thought encourages the use of reason to solve contemporary issues and provide new insights. The personal and communal experience of believers, including experiences of the Holy Spirit, is an integral part of Christian law, contributing to understanding and applying God's will through prayer, worship, and social service. By integrating Scripture, tradition, reason and experience, Christian law takes shape as a comprehensive system that directs the lives of believers toward the principles of love, service, and devotion to God and humanity, helping them to live out the principles of their faith and the challenges of the modern age</p> رحاب حسين جبار Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 407 425 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/26 الانفتاح النَّصي على الغرائب والخوارق في الشعر العربي المعاصر "شعر فاضل العزاوي مثالًا" https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/203 <p>Contemporary Arabic poetry is considered the summary of poetic experiences extending from the beginning of the creation of this universe to the present day. It derives its images from the events that occurred to man on this earth. These events, with their strange and extraordinary nature, influenced poetry, and from them the poet took his material according to what the poetic situation called for, and it was the source. Who draws from it to increase the vitality of the text and bring it closer to the recipient, and the poet Fadel Al-Azzawi is one of the modern poets who is most open to the strange and the supernatural and the one who uses them the most in his poetry, and he has his distinctive mark in this matter Therefore, we decided to address this issue in some of his poems in which he opened up to these matters. The study was divided into an introduction and two sections. The first section was openness to the strange, and the second section was openness to the supernatural. The study ended with a conclusion with the most important results and a list of sources and references.</p> علي حسين محمد جواد Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 426 441 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/27 Alice Walker's The Color Purple From Being Silent to Having A Voice: Struggling to Achieve Self-Empowerment https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/201 <p>The colonial period is the starting point for America's long history of racism and violence towards people of color, particularly African Americans. The relationship between Whites and Blacks in this racist American culture was predicated on two principles: White hegemony and Black subordination. This case is why Black people have long fought for freedom in every arena. Because of this, black authors have retooled their writings to advocate for black causes and preserve African-American culture. Novelist and feminist Alice Malsenior Walker are included in this group. Her writings explore the significance of women of color throughout history. She is out as bisexual and accepts individuals of various orientations, backgrounds, and identities. She has detailed the racial, social, and ethnic subjugation that African-American men and women have endured. The Color Purple has shed light on the struggles of those at the bottom of society. This paper delves into the significant feminist themes and examines how a black woman can rebel and establish a voice away from a patriarchal society. In her book, Walker outlines the discrimination and suffering experienced by black women and offers some potential answers. The Color Purple features strong female characters like Celie, Shug, Nettie, and Sofia, who face challenges but ultimately overcome them. At the novel's end, Celie's transformation is remarkable as she becomes an independent and liberated woman, free from the oppression and abuse she once endured. She has transformed from her previous appearance to a stunning swan. She has made incredible progress, transitioning from burdening to expressing her physical and mental independence and reuniting with her friends and sister.</p> Abd Alrahmain Badr Ibrahim Al-Wazir Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 442 457 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/28 Constructing an Achievement Test in Palestinian National Culture for Palestinian University Students Using the Rasch Unidimensional Model https://tasnim-lb.org/index.php/ijhs/article/view/200 <p>The study aimed to construct an achievement test in Palestinian national culture for university students using the Rasch unidimensional teacher model. To achieve the study's objective, an achievement test in Palestinian national culture was constructed consisting of (50) dichotomous items of multiple-choice type. The test was administered to a sample of (606) male and female students from Palestinian universities in Palestine during the second semester of the academic year 2022/2023. For data analysis, the statistical programs Winsteps and SPSS were used. The alignment of the items of the achievement test in Palestinian national culture with the assumptions of the Rasch unidimensional teacher model was verified, where all items were found to align with the model's assumptions. The test's validity and reliability were also confirmed, with the results indicating a person separation reliability of (0.83) and an item separation reliability of (0.99). Based on the results, the researchers recommended the use of the test in Palestinian universities to assess students' possession of Palestinian national culture.</p> Mohammad Talab Dabous Mohammad Muhiuddin Assaf Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim International Journal for Human, Social and Legal Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-06-29 2024-06-29 3 2 458 483 10.56924/tasnim.9.2024/29